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Types of Bonds

Issuers of bonds include federal and local governments, government agencies, and corporations.

Treasury Securities: A bond issued by a national Government. Generally considered safe investments because the taxing authority of the government backs them. In the U.S., Treasury securities are not subject to state income tax. The following are three types of treasury securities.

  • Bonds: Treasury bonds mature in more than 10 years.
  • Notes: Treasury notes mature from one to 10 years.
  • Bills: Treasury bills mature in less than one year.

Corporate Bonds: A bond issued by a corporation, usually through the public securities markets, which trades like stocks. Corporate bonds offer a higher yield than Treasury Securities since they carry a higher default risk.

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First Commonwealth Advisors is a registered trademark used to market various wealth management products and services. Investment management, trust and fiduciary services are provided by First Commonwealth Bank. Certain insurance products are offered through First Commonwealth Insurance Agency, a licensed insurance affiliate. Securities, insurance products and advisory services are offered through Essex National Securities LLC, member FINRA/SIPC and an SEC registered investment advisor. Essex is not affiliated with First Commonwealth Bank.